November 21, 2018

M. J. Maddox, PhD
is the American English Doctor.
 
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Basic Grammar

A word is only a word until it is used in a sentence. Then, a word is a part of speech. Identifying a word as a part of speech is called “parsing.”

Since the 1960s, the teaching of grammar in the schools has suffered neglect. As a result, even professional people who have passed through twelve or more years of formal education commit extremely basic errors of grammar and usage in contexts that call for Standard English.

The following basic grammar concepts are all that most people need to master in order to speak and write Standard English.

Sadly, many students get the idea that grammar is “too hard” for “ordinary” people to learn.  That’s a mistaken idea that comes from trying to cover too much material too fast. Take one term at a time. When you understand it completely, go on to the next one. Practice makes perfect.

The Parts of Speech

NOUN

PRONOUN

VERB

ADJECTIVE

ADVERB

PREPOSITION

CONJUNCTION

INTERJECTION

The Parts of the Sentence

SUBJECT

PREDICATE

OBJECT

COMPLEMENT

PHRASE

CLAUSE