On this site, I use the traditional grammar terms I learned growing up. Anyone who has a basic grasp of the eight parts of speech can easily catch on to more “up-to-date” terms used in the modern classroom.
With Parsing, as with Analyzing, baby steps are best. Begin by parsing the sentences that the student has already analyzed. The student needs to know only two parts of speech at this point: noun and verb.
A noun is a naming word. We need nouns in order to speak about people and things: boy, hat, kite, school, computer, grandfather. The name for everything we can see is a noun. Some nouns refer to things we can’t see, but which we can talk about: courage, honor, envy, idea.
A verb is a word that enables us to talk about a noun. It may refer to an action: jump, play, work, bake, run. It may be a word like is that lets us say something about someone or something: Charlie is my brother. Alfred was King.
NOTE: Keep it simple. You can introduce the terms “being verbs” and “feeling verbs” later. At this point it’s enough to make it clear that although most verbs denote an action, not all verbs do.
As with analysis the learner draws a form on notebook paper with headings separated by a line:
Word | Kind
The sentence to be parsed is written down the page, one word on each line:
NOTE: Don’t be afraid of boring a child with too many easy exercises. Easy exercises build confidence. When the learner can analyze and parse two-word sentences, you can proceed to sentences with adjectives.